words appeared in the Roman Canon Law: "To believe that our Lord
God the Pope has not the power to decree as he (God) is decreed,
is to be deemed heretical."
"Extravagantes" of Pope John XXII Cum inter, Tit. XIV, Cap. IV. Ad
Callem Sexti Decretalium, Paris, 1685.
is quite certain that Popes have never approved or rejected this title
‘Lord God the Pope,’ for the passage in the gloss referred to appears
in the edition of the Canon Law published in Rome in 1580 by Gregory
Father A. Pereira, who lived during the 16th Century.
on the Canon Law say, "The Pope and God are the same, so he has all
power in heaven and earth."
XXVII, p. 218. Cites Petrus Bertrandus, Pius V. Cardinal Cusa
supports his statement.
Nicholas I declared that "the appellation of God had been confirmed by
Constantine on the Pope, who, being God, cannot be judged by man."
Dist.: 96 Can. 7, Satis evidentur,
Decret Gratian Primer Para.
pope is of so great dignity and so exalted that he is not a mere
man...he is as it were, God on earth, sole sovereign of he faithful of
Christ, chief of kings, having plenitude of power."
Ferraris, Prompta Bibliotheca,
1763, Volume VI, ‘Papa II’, pp. 25 - 29
supreme teacher in the Church is the Roman Pontiff. Union of minds,
therefore, requires...complete submission and obedience of will to the
Church and to the Roman Pontiff, as to God Himself.”
||Leo VIII, On the Chief Duties of Christians as
Citizens, Encyclical letter, 1890
separates those whom the Roman Pontiff, who exercises the functions,
not of mere man, but of the true God... dissolves, not by human
but rather by divine authority."
||Decretals of Gregory IX, Book 1,
the Pope is crowned with a triple crown, as king of heaven and of earth
and of the lower regions (infernorum)."
Ferraris, Prompta Bibliotheca,
1763, Volume VI, ‘Papa II’, p.26
it is not too much to say that in view of the sublimity of their
offices the priests are so many gods."
Innocent III, The Dignity of the
Priesthood, by Liguori p, 36
Pope is not only the representative of Jesus Christ, he is Jesus Christ
himself, hidden under the veil of flesh."
||Catholic National, July 1895.
upon this earth the place of God Almighty"
XIII, Encyclical Letter of June 20, 1894
thou art the shepherd, thou art the physician, thou art the director,
thou art the husbandman, finally thou art another God on earth."
Cossart’s History of the Councils,
Vol. XIV, col. 109
title "Lord God the Pope" is found within a gloss of Extravagantes.
XXII, title 14, chapter 4
|Dominum Deum Nostrum Papam (Our
Lord God the Pope).
edition of the Extravagantes,
column 153. In a Paris edition, they are found in column 140.
Catholic Canon Law stipulates through Pope Innocent III that the Roman
pontiff is "the vicegerent upon earth, not a mere man, but of a very
God;" and in a gloss on the passage it is explained that this is
because he is the vicegerent of Christ, who is "very God and very man."
||Decretales Domini Gregorii translatione
(on the transference of Bishops), title 7, chapter 3; Corpus Juris
Canonice (2nd Leipzig ed., 1881), col. 99; (Paris, 1612), tom. 2,
Devretales, col. 205
pope is the supreme judge of the law of the land. He is the vicegerent
(replacement) of Christ, who is not only a Priest forever, but also
King of kings and Lord of lords."
||La Civilia Cattolica, March 18,
1871, quoted in Leonard Woosely Bacaon, An Inside View of the Vatican Council
(American Tract Society ed.), p.229, n.
Roman Pontiff judges all men, but is judged by no one. We declare,
assert, define and pronounce: to be subject to the Roman Pontiff is to
every human creature necessary for salvation that which was spoken of
Christ ‘thou has subdued all things under his feet’ may well seem
verified in me... I have the authority of the King of Kings. I am all
in all and above all, so that God himself and I, the vicar of God, are
one, and I am able to do all that God can do."
||Bull Unam Sanctam, issued by Pope
entrusted His office to the chief pontiff; but all power in heaven and
in earth has been given to Christ. Therefore the chief pontiff, who is
His vicar, will have this power."
||Corpus Juris chap. 1 column 29,
translated from a gloss on the words Porro Subesse, Romano Pontiff.
the faithful must believe that the Holy Apostolic See and the Roman
Pontiff (the Pope) possesses the primacy over the whole world, and the
Roman Pontiff is the successor of blessed Peter, Prince of the
Apostles, and is true vicar of Christ, and heed of the whole church,
and father and teacher of all Christians; and that full power was given
to him in blessed Peter to rule, feed, and govern the universal Church
by Jesus Christ our Lord."
||First Dogmatic Constitution on the Church
of Christ, "Eternal Pastor," published in the fourth session of
the Vatican Council, 1870, chap. 3, in Philip Schaff, Creeds of Christendom. vol. 2, p.
Pope’s authority is unlimited, incalculable; it can strike, as Innocent
III says, wherever sin is; it can punish every one; it allows no appeal
and is itself Sovereign Caprice; for the Pope carries, according to the
expression of Boniface VIII, all rights in the Shrine of his breast. As
he has now become infallible, he can by the use of the little word,
orbi (which means that he turns himself round to the whole Church) make
every rule, every doctrine, every demand, into a certain and
incontestable article of Faith. No right can stand against him, no
personal or corporate liberty; or as the [Roman Catholic] Canonists put
it—, 'The tribunal of God and of the pope is one and the same.'"
Dollinger, a letter addressed to the Archbishop of Munich 1871; as
quoted in MacDougall, The Acton
Newman Relations (Fordham University Press) pp. 119,120.
Saviour Himself is the door of the sheepfold: ‘I am the door of the
sheep.’ Into this fold of Jesus Christ, no man may enter unless he be
led by the Sovereign Pontiff; and only if they be united to him can men
be saved, for the Roman Pontiff is the Vicar of Christ and His personal
representative on earth."
XXIII in his homily to the Bishops and faithful assisting at his
coronation on November 4, 1958.
is our last lesson to you: receive it, engrave it in your minds, all of
you: by God’s commandment salvation is to be found nowhere but in the
Church; the strong and effective instrument of salvation is none other
than the Roman Pontificate.”
XIII, Allocution for the 25th anniversary of his election, February 20,
1903; Papal Teachings: The Church,
Benedictine Monks of Solesmes, St. Paul Editions, Boston, 1962,
in this one Church of Christ no man can be or remain who does not
accept, recognize and obey the authority and supremacy of Peter and his
||Pope Pius XI,
Encyclical, Mortalium animos,
January 6, 1928, The Papal
Encyclicals, Claudia Carlen, I.H.M., McGrath Publishing Co.,
1981, pp. 317, 318
define that the Holy Apostolic See (the Vatican) and the Roman Pontiff
hold the primacy over the whole world.”
||A Decree of the Council of Trent,
quoted in Philippe Labbe and Gabriel Cossart, The Most Holy Councils, col. 1167.
what sublime dignity is the office of the Christian priest who is thus
privileged to act as the ambassador and the vicegerent of Christ on
earth! He continues the essential ministry of Christ; he teaches the
faithful with the authority of Christ, he pardons the penitent sinner
with the power of Christ, he offers up again the same sacrifice of
adoration and atonement which Christ offered on Calvary. No wonder that
the name which spiritual writers are especially found of applying to
the priest is that of ‘alter Christus.’ For the priest is and should be
||Faith of Millions, John O’Brien,
Ph.D., LL.D., 268-269, nihil obstat,
by Rev. T. E. Dillon-Censor. Librorum
and "imprimatur," by John Francis Noll, D.D., Bishop of Fort